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Government subsidies serving to prop up destructive high-seas fishing: study

first_imgMore than half of fisheries on the world’s high seas would be running a loss without the billions of dollars in government subsidies that keep the ecologically destructive industry afloat, a recent study suggests.The researchers described the annual subsidies as being far in excess of the net economic benefit from fishing in these international waters.They called for greater transparency by governments and substantial reforms of high-seas fisheries in a bid to improve the management of the industry they labeled as ecologically and economically unsustainable. Much of the fishing that takes place in international waters would be unprofitable without the billions of dollars in subsidies pumped in by governments to sustain the ecologically destructive industry, a recent study has found.International waters, or the high seas, are not governed by any one international body or agency, and account for nearly two-thirds of the ocean’s surface. There is currently no comprehensive management structure in place to protect the marine life that relies on them.Researchers poring over information for fishing in these zones in 2014, the most recent year for which complete datasets are available, concluded that 54 percent of high-seas fishing would be in the red if not for governments covering some of the industry’s costs.In their study published June 6 in the journal Science Advances, the researchers noted that labor exploitation and underreported catches could also explain how some operators could afford to keep fishing in the high seas, where species like tuna are often overfished, and migratory sharks — 44 percent of which are threatened species — are often killed as bycatch.“While our analysis is for a single year, the slight increase in high seas catch and revenue, coupled with the high and constant price of fuel between 2010-2014, suggest that our estimate of profits is likely to be representative of, or slightly higher than, the average state during the first half of this decade,” the researchers wrote.Heat map of global fishing activity in 2016. Image courtesy of Global Fishing Watch.Using data from new satellite technologies that track fishing vessels, the researchers pegged the total costs of high-seas fishing in 2014 at between $6.2 billion and $8 billion.The total fisheries catch in these waters was estimated at 4.4 million metric tons, with aggregate revenue of $7.6 billion, the report said, suggesting that the margin for the industry ranged between $1.4 billion in profits to $364 million in losses.Meanwhile, they estimated that governments subsidized high-seas fisheries to the tune of $4.2 billion that same year, “far exceeding the net economic benefit of fishing in the high seas.”This led to the conclusion that the industry was far from profitable, thereby necessitating government support.“One would think that subsidies are used to help industries in trouble; this is the case in the high seas, because without subsidies more than half of the fishing would not be economically rational,” Enric Sala, executive director of the National Geographic Society’s Pristine Seas project and lead author of the study, told Mongabay in an email.Some government subsidies for fishing are put to good use for activities such as sustainable fisheries management, regulation enforcement, and empowerment of small-scale fishers. However, the subsidizing of the high-seas fishing industry amounts to “a blatant case of corporate welfare, where powerful industrial lobbies also fish for taxpayer’s money to increase their profits,” Sala said.Sala and his team estimated that some 10 million hours of fishing occur each year across up to 57 percent of the high seas, or an area spanning 132 million square kilometers (51 million square miles).They identified fishing hotspots near Peru, Argentina and Japan, which were dominated by Chinese, Taiwanese and South Korean squid fishing fleets. They also found that deep-sea bottom trawling, a common practice in high-seas fishing that destroys ocean ecosystems, was prevalent in the northern Atlantic, while tuna fleets abounded in the central and western Pacific.Purse seine vessels use a large bag-like net, which they close around an entire school of fish. Image courtesy of C. Ortiz Rojas/NOAA.Five countries accounted for 64 percent of the global high-seas fishing revenue: China (21 percent), Taiwan (13 percent), Japan (11 percent), South Korea (11 percent) and Spain (8 percent). The researchers estimated that China and Taiwan accrued most of the losses in high-seas fishing without government subsidies.The paper also raised the possibility of individual fishing companies catching more than they reported to fisheries agencies, hence making more money than they claimed while still pushing governments for subsidies.“Governments should not subsidize activities that perpetuate overfishing and destruction of the marine environment,” Sala said.The researchers have called for more transparency by governments and substantial reforms of high-seas fisheries in a bid to improve the management of an industry that they label as ecologically and economically unsustainable.“This implies that through targeted subsidy reforms, we could save taxpayers money, rebuild fish stocks, and eventually lead to higher value, lower volume fisheries,” said co-author Christopher Costello, a professor of resource economics at the University of California, Santa Barbara.The World Trade Organization in December 2017 was expected to reach an agreement to stop subsidizing illegal fishing activities, but the delegates failed to reach a deal due to procedural hurdles. They instead agreed on a new goal for reaching a comprehensive fisheries subsidy by the time of the next ministerial conference in 2019.Some of the authors of the new report have suggested that closing large areas of oceans to fishing activity — including the entire high seas — could both achieve conservation goals and increase the economic benefits of fishing migratory species, particularly when they are overfished.The ecological benefits of not disrupting high-seas ecosystems — the economic value of carbon storage alone in these waters is estimated at $74 billion to $220 billion a year, according to the Pew Charitable Trusts — could far outweigh the value of high-seas fishing, which accounts for just 6 percent of global catches.The United Nations General Assembly last December started negotiations to create an international treaty to protect the marine environments of the high seas. The negotiation process, spread across four meetings, will kick off in September this year, and the final text of the treaty is expected by the end of 2020.“We have a great opportunity to protect big chunks of the high seas, which would help the marine environment, but also make sense economically,” Sala said.Banner image of a commercial fishing trawler at work, courtesy of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Basten Gokkon Economics, Environment, Environmental Economics, Environmental Policy, Fish, Fisheries, Fishing, Illegal Fishing, Marine, Marine Biodiversity, Marine Conservation, Marine Ecosystems, Ocean Crisis, Oceans, Overfishing, Saltwater Fish, Subsidies, Sustainability center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Watched by Charlton, Rooney ties record as United top scorer

first_imgPalace: Crisis over ABS-CBN franchise unlikely Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Rooney then turned provider as United, the defending cup champion, scored a second goal to lead 2-0 at halftime. Rooney set up Anthony Martial to fire past Reading goalkeeper Ali Al Habsi, who was beaten twice more by Marcus Rashford in the second half.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Super Bowl a tossup at legal sports books LATEST STORIES Motorcycle taxis ‘illegal’ starting next week — LTFRB board member ‘Old school work ethic’ pays off for immaculate Federer “To do it at such a massive club like Manchester United, I am hugely honored and it is really proud moment for me,” said Rooney, who is the record scorer for England’s national team.Rooney was making his 543rd United appearance — 215 fewer games than Charlton.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSBreak new groundSPORTSMcGregor blasts Cerrone in 40 seconds in UFC returnBoth Charlton and Alex Ferguson, the manager who brought Rooney to Old Trafford 13 years earlier, were seen smiling among spectators after the goal.The 31-year-old Rooney, who joined United as an 18-year-old prodigy from Everton, turned in Juan Mata’s cross, having missed a great chance to score inside the first two minutes. Manchester United’s Wayne Rooney warms up ahead of during the English FA Cup Third Round match between Manchester United and Reading at Old Trafford in Manchester, England, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2017. (Photo by RUI VIEIRA/AP)MANCHESTER, England — Wayne Rooney became Manchester United’s joint leading scorer of all time when he scored his 249th goal for the club on Saturday in the FA Cup third-round 4-0 win over Reading.Rooney struck in the seventh minute at Old Trafford to equal the mark set by Bobby Charlton, who was watching the game.ADVERTISEMENT 15-year-old Gauff stuns Venus anew in first roundcenter_img Senators think TWG’s move to axe motorcycle taxi pilot run an act of ‘revenge’ Marcos monument beside Aquino’s stirs Tarlac town Senators think TWG’s move to axe motorcycle taxi pilot run an act of ‘revenge’ MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Ronaldo scores as Madrid matches Barcelona’s unbeaten record Rodgers again falls short of another Super Bowl stint View commentslast_img read more

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Massive clear-out looms as Hall promises radical surgery at AFC

first_img0Shares0000AFC Leopards coach Stewart Hall gives instructions to Cresten Mwanzo at half time. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, Nov 7- The under-performers at AFC Leopards have been put on notice after new head coach Stewart Hall promised a radical surgery at the club as he seeks to return them to their glory days.The Englishman, formerly with Azam FC in Tanzania said journeymen and players who won’t work for the team have their days numbered, adding he will take no prisoners in ensuring the credibility of the club is restored in 2017. “Well league tables don’t lie. They (Tusker) are champions because they are the best. We are 13th because that’s where we are. There’s going to be a radical change. I haven’t come here to mess around I have come here to win things.”“I have never finished 13th with any team I have coached. I have always been top two. Surely, looking at this season’s performance, there will be a radical overhaul,” the tactician told Capital Sport after taking charge for the first time in the side’s 1-0 loss to Tusker FC on Sunday.Already, the side has sacked four players in Lucas Indeche, Edwin Wafula, Yussuf Juma and Kepha Aswani and Capital Sport understands more are on the line to leave the club after failing to impress Hall in the last week of training.AFC Leopards coach Stewart Hall gives his half time pep talk during his first match in charge against Tusker FC on November 6, 2016. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluThe tactician supported the executive’s decision to axe the four players and said it was no problem for him to have a leaner squad for the Tusker match, instead choosing to focus on next season and not on the single game remaining this season.Leopards produced a much improved performance against Tusker and Hall was impressed much with how his side performed, only lamenting their poor defending on set pieces.“I watched the Sofapaka performance and I thought this was ten times better. We showed good discipline and a good team shape. I didn’t think they would break us up because we defended very well. I told them at half time the biggest danger is set pieces because they are a big team. We ended up conceding from the same,” the tactician offered.Ingwe will play their last match of the season at home against Muhoroni Youth in Mumias and from there, Hall will begin the process of cleaning up the club.The coach was non committal however on the targets next season, only promising they will do better and get into ‘at least one final’.‘We have to do better, really. We have no choice otherwise I will not be here at a time like this next season,” Hall told Capital Sport.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

NO DESIRE! Former Man City boss says players not fighting for Pellegrini

first_imgManchester City’s players appear to have lost their desire under manager Manuel Pellegrini, Peter Reid has told talkSPORT.City’s Premier League title defence is in tatters after Saturday’s humiliating defeat at Burnley, while they are also staring down the barrel of a Champions League exit at the last 16 stage, with Barcelona holding a 2-1 lead ahead of Wednesday’s second leg at the Nou Camp.Pellegrini’s position is reportedly under serious threat, and Reid admits the signs do not look good for the Chilean coach.Speaking on the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast, the former City boss said: “There’s no desire when they lose the ball to get it back, to zip it around the park.“We can all have off days in any walk of life, but that desire, fighting for the shirt, not wanting to get beat, I’m looking at City and I don’t see that.“The players have got a big responsibility to show what they can do. At this moment in time, it doesn’t look as if they are doing that. They are real top, top players and they are not doing the business at the moment.“To be fair to Pellegrini he did recently leave [Vincent] Kompany out and last year he left out the England goalkeeper [Joe Hart], so he has made hard decisions. But for, some reason, it looks as though they are not playing with that desire. And how you get it back, I don’t know.”last_img read more

Arsenal target ‘proud’ to be linked with a top European club move

first_img1 Arsenal target Hakan Calhanoglu Arsenal target Hakan Calhanoglu says rumours about a summer move to one of Europe’s major clubs make him ‘proud’ but insists he is leaving everything in the hands of his agent.The Gunners have been linked with the Bayer Leverkusen schemer with a possible swap deal with Lukas Podolski suggested.Meanwhile Barcelona are also keeping close tabs on the 21-year-old talent and may move for him once they are allowed to sign players again in January.Now Calhanoglu has broken his silence on the rumours and confessed he is flattered by the links to big clubs.“There is no official offer from Barca but I am proud to hear of transfer rumours,” he told TRT.“My agent takes care of everything. I have career goals, but first we want to beat Atletico Madrid in the Champions League.”last_img read more

Arsenal news: Wenger rules out signing former Gunners star

first_img Alex Song Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger has ruled out a move to bring Alex Song back to the club.The Cameroon midfielder has been training at his former club after being released by his Russian side Rubin Kazan.But the French boss dismissed reports he is planning on signing the 30-year-old midfielder on a permanent basis, despite admitting his squad is potentially short after the transfer window.READ MORE: ‘I wanted to do more’ – Arsene Wenger disappointed by failure to recruit defensive reinforcements at ArsenalWenger said he would not offer the player he sold to Barcelona another contract now and explained: “The situation with him is that he looks for a football club and I allowed him to come here in the afternoon when the training ground is available, to work on his fitness.“Nothing more than that.” 1last_img read more

Campbell inspired by Guardiola and Klopp for their ‘passion’ and mentality

first_img Campbell admires Klopp and Guardiola’s winning mentality Campbell has said Guardiola and Klopp inspire him to achieve success Speaking exclusively to talkSPORT this week, Campbell revealed he takes inspiration from those at the “top of the tree” of management such as Klopp as Guardiola.He said: “You look at the guys at the top, you’ve got Klopp, you’ve got Pep and you look at how they inspire the players.“Obviously I know they can come down on them like a tonne of bricks as well so it’s all about balance.“They’re the top of the tree and at the higher level.“Those kind of guys have that positivity oozing from them in different ways but still they’re passionate and that’s the main thing, the common denominator: the passion. 3 getty Macclesfield boss Sol Campbell is inspired by Jurgen Klopp and Pep Guardiola for the “passion” they show as managers and the winning mentality they exude to their players.The former Arsenal and Tottenham defender took on his first managerial role with the Silkmen at the end of November – and has guided his side off the foot of the League Two table, with four wins from his opening 11 matches. 3 Campbell has praised Klopp and Guardiola’s will to win 3 Campbell also believes Guardiola and Klopp’s winning mentality is key to their success.He said: “These guys want to win, they’ve got the will to win.“I’m not saying they’ll do anything to win but they want that kind of mentality around them.“They want their players to really think about the game and have that passion for football.” getty last_img read more

Maurizio Sarri storms out of Chelsea training session ahead of Europa League final

first_img It is 50/50 whether Kante will feature in the Europa League final Getty 2 But the Italian coach left the session in a furious rage after Gonzalo Higuain and David Luiz appeared to be involved in an altercation.The Brazilian defender appeared to go in late on the striker, with the Argentine then seemingly uttering some harsh words to his team-mate.Cesar Azpilicueta then tried to play peacemaker but it was seemingly too late as Sarri stormed off down the tunnel, kicking his hat as he went. getty Kante had been on course to make a full recovery from a hamstring injury which kept him out of the semi-final second leg against Eintracht Frankfurt and the Blues’ final match of the Premier League season against Leicester.The setback means Sarri will likely have to field a midfield trio of Mateo Kovacic, Jorginho and Ross Barkley in the final.Tune into talkSPORT for LIVE commentary of Chelsea vs Arsenal in the Europa League final – FULL DETAILS HEREcenter_img Tempers fraying in the Chelsea camp? 😡Higuain and Luiz come together in training and Maurizio Sarri is furious!— Football on BT Sport (@btsportfootball) May 28, 2019Meanwhile, the Blues boss earlier confirmed that N’Golo Kante is 50/50 to be involved in the showpiece match.Speaking to the media on Tuesday, Sarri said: “He had a little problem in his knee. It’s not a serious injury but the problem is the timing because we have only four days to recover. We are trying.” 2 Sarri furiously stormed out of Chelsea training Maurizio Sarri has stormed out of Chelsea’s training session just 24 hours before their Europa League final match against Arsenal.The Blues face their London rivals at Baku’s Olympic Stadium on Wednesday evening and were taking part in one of their final training sessions ahead of the match.last_img read more

Next season’s Nike Premier League ball leaks online and it is a beauty

first_img Last seasons Nike ball was a hit with fans Andy Goldstein isn’t happy with Gareth Southgate after England’s loss According to the American sports giant: “Nike have integrated their All Conditions Control (ACC) technology in a football for the first time, ensuring optimal touch and control in all weather and pitch conditions.“Using higher frequency welding techniques, the number of panels traditionally seen have also been reduced further to just four, creating a larger striking surface for an even cleaner flight and enhancing accuracy.” While LaLiga will have a Puma ball from next season, the Premier League announced a new six-year deal with Nike last November.We will see Nike balls used in the Premier League until at least 2025, a sight which has become synonymous with the English top-flight since the new millennium. Next season’s Premier League ball may have just been leaked online.Images obtained by the reliable FootyHeadlines suggest the Merlin ball from last season has been given a really understated revamp for the new campaign. 2 Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 2:45Loaded: 6.00%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -2:45 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreen The Premier League ball for next season is a thing of beauty 2 Hopefully fans will get to see plenty of goals next season.The fixtures for the new campaign will be released on Thursday, June 13th and fans can tune into talkSPORT for live reaction. getty last_img read more